What is Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and how it is going to change the face of the nation?
If you notice,even with such a big nation like India, in the last 60-70 years not everyone has a house of their own. We’ve also been noticing from the past few years that every person wants to have his/her own house. However, it’s only after they spend time between the ages of 25-40 working a job or a business that they manage to think about buying their own house.
Today, the statistics of the country show that about 40-45% population of our country is earning a monthly income of about ₹10,000 – 25,000. So someone with an income of 10,000 – 25,000 cannot even think about buying their own house and those who have a higher income even if they buy a house, it takes them 20-25 years to make their house, so they cannot actually enjoy living in their property in their prime years.
So how do we solve that? How do we make sure that every citizen in the country has their own property? Considering that vision, our esteemed prime minister – I always say he has really good vision, he made a unique plan. The statistics of our country say that the requirement of a house is 96% for LIG & EWS which means smaller affordable housing. But in our country, whether it was a government agency or private builders, they would try to earn super normal profits and to do that they kept making such properties which were suitable for the super rich, who could buy them for their investments. The person who had 1 house s/he bought 2 more, 3 more and then sold them at a higher price. This way the person continued doing his/her business but the common man who earned about Rs 25,000 – 40,000 was left out and just kept wondering if they’d ever be able to afford a house of their own or not. So to fulfill that, this Yojna was made which made affordable housing possible.
So the government announced that by 2022, they aim at making about 3 crore properties in the country side (gramin shetra) and 2 crore houses in the cities. They wanted to make a total of 5 crore houses due to which every person, every household i.e., a person and his/her family should at least have a house of their own. That is why this Yojna was brought into action.
The concept of REIT which is an acronym for Real Estate Investment Trust has been there for nearly 60 years now REITs. REIT’s as an investment asset class came into being when President Eisenhower of USA enacted a law in 1960 that enabled all investors to invest in diversified large scale portfolios of real estate that produce income in form of rent and lease. The first REIT was launched in 1961 by American Realty Trust in 1961. In 2018, globally REIT’s had over 2 trillion US Dollars worth of assets under management. In budget of 2014, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has introduced a law for setting up REITs and in August 2014 India approved creation of Real Estate investment trust. Last month, Blackstone Group LP – Sponsored, Embassy Office Parks raised Rs 4750 cr through India’s first REIT IPO. The IPO was over subscribed 2.58 times. Investors in this REIT IPO were allotted units at a price of Rs 300. On its listing day the REIT IPO received a thumbs up from market when it touched a daily high of Rs 325 and closed at Rs 314, thus enabling IPO investors to earn a sizeable gain of 4.7% on issue price. With it India became another market having REIT offerings for individual investors.
- Reduced Risk, Stable Returns and Diversification for Investors in Real Estate
A new fund-raising avenue for the cash-strapped real estate sector in the country. Firstly it gives investors having investible corpus of only a few lacs to invest instead of conventional Real Estate where you were set back by huge amount. Secondly it also gives investors exposure to a pool of real estate thus giving them much needed diversification across properties and geographies. This reduces risk as end users are holder of units of securitized real estate pool. According to the guidelines, REITs will have to invest in a minimum of two projects with 60% asset value in a single project. REIT will showcase the full valuation on a yearly basis and will also update it on a half-yearly basis. Thirdly it is managed by professional investment team so investment risk is further reduced. Last but not the least is friendly taxation structure. if a REIT unit will be by investor for a period of more than 3 years than long term capital gain will be applicable. If the periodic income is through dividends then it be tax-free and if pay-out is in the form of interest then tax will be applicable as per the tax slab of unit holder. For Indians Real Estate have always been a preferred investment class as according to RBI study about 56 percent of Indian household savings have been concentrated in Real Estate but Indians have for long invested largely in Residential Real Estate which has lower rentals. Retail investors have stayed away from commercial real estate because of higher ticket size of investment and complexity associated with commercial property ownership. Colliers Research shows that Indian market is rife with great opportunities in terms of rental yields as evident from infograph shown below.
Launch of first REIT will certainly be a game changer for Real Estate as it has potential to revive commercial real estate segment by introducing Retail investors to contribute sizeable inflows across this segment.
- Much needed Liquidity Boost for Real Estate Industry
The greatest benefit for Real Estate industry as a whole will be that of fast and easy liquidation of investments in the real estate market unlike the traditional way of disposing of real estate which is very opaque and fraught with risks of frauds, cheating and legal disputes emanating from property records. The assets under REIT corpus are rent bearing assets where an established name that has gone through due diligence from multiple bodies including SEBI, so property records will be transparent and it will boost Real Estate industry sentiment. India’s real estate has endured a lot in recent years. Despite the high credit growth environment and factors like Demonetisation , Global Recession and rapidly evolving GST structure, Real estate has held forth as a preferred asset class for Indians. This is a much welcomed move and will give real estate industry a much needed boost. Given the prevalent situation of funding crunch, launch of first REIT offering in India is very well-timed for real estate developers who want to unlock much needed capital to fund further projects or to pare down their debt.It will also greatly reduce a great deal of pressure on the NPA saddled banking industry. It will ensure more liquidity for Banks to lend to end users and customers instead of relying on much riskier way of lending through Loan Against Property (LAP) and Lease Renting Discounting (LRD).
About the Author
Sunil Kumar Gupta is an entrepreneur par excellence, philanthropist and a great visionary. He is the Leader of Indo European Business Forum (IEBF) and also the Founder Chairman of SARC & Associates, Chartered Accountants and SARC Foundation and Life Trustee of Rashtriya Antyodaya Sangh, a Public Charitable Trust. He has over 32 years of experience in diverse fields such as Corporate planning, Financing, Taxation, Banking, Education, Investments, Oil & Gas and in project implementations. He is a Fellow Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), Life Member of Indian Council of Arbitration and Full Member of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Uganda (CPA-U).
Technology has really shaped up the mindset of professionals from all walks of life and its utilization has given a holistic understanding in order to pester the needs of working professionals. Now this revolutionary change applies to people in accounting industry as well.
We are in an era where without the use of technology, we can easily be ostracized and this cobwebbed situation especially in our working atmosphere can pull us out of business. Even if you’re an aspiring accountant or you’ve been a CPA for decades, you may not think much of your preferred accounting system. If you are dedicated in the field of accounting or currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in accounting, then it is important that you must be up to date on the kind of technology being used in your professional workspace.
Let’s take a look at some of the most important accounting technologies that can help accountants to approach their workspace through an effective and efficient lens:
Cloud computing plays pivotal role as one of the efficient technologies within the accounting sector. According to Forbes, worldwide spending on cloud services will grow radically.
This paradigm shift for professionals following traditional accounting pattern has given them a technology that is used for storage and accessibility of data online rather than on your hard drive.
Blockchain technology is the distribution and decentralization of database technology. It can protect encrypted data and sustain an expanding list of transaction between all parties of those transaction.
This accounting technology will assist many financial advisors in Delhi to bring a qualitative change in the financial industry.
This type of technology eases human effort and does most of the job for you. Automated is an efficient tech that will make virtual controllers of automated accounting high in demand.
This lucrative technology will be able to redefine the role of an accountant and bring quantifiable results for the same.
Optical Character Recognition
Optical Character recognition is a new technology in the market that electrically converts images and handwritten texts or printed text into machine encoded text.
OCR is finding an elbow room in automated, cloud based applications. These technological trends create a powerhouse for business experts within the accounting software